Hanwha Q CELLS

WE CONTINUE TO STRIVE FOR THE NEXT INNOVATION

Hanwha Q partners

YOUR RELIABLE ENERGY PARTENR, Q CELLS

Technology

TECHNOLOGY

THE INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY LEADER

At our diverse R&D locations, Hanwha Q CELLS employs a unique combination of R&D, pilot productions, and testing to develop and apply innovative manufacturing methods for high-tech products.

  • 01R&D INVESTMENTS
    • GERMANY
    • SOUTH KOREA
    • MALAYSIA
    • CHINA
  • 02TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS
    • Q.ANTUM TECHNOLOGY
    • Q.ANTUM DUO TECHNOLOGY
    • Q CELLS YIELD SECURITY
  • 03ACCOMPLISHMENTS
    • 19.5% WORLD RECORD

      in polycrystalline cell and module efficiency (2011/2015)

    • SETTING THE STANDARDS

      6 inch solar cells and full squared monocrystalline solar cells

    • NO.1 IN VOLUME

      Largest volume of mass produced PERC cells (5 GW+)

    • SECURING HIGHEST YIELDS UNDER REAL CONDITIONS
      • Anti PID Technology (APT)
      • Hot-Spot Protect (HSP)
      • Anti LID (ALT)
      • Traceable Quality (TRA.Q™)
EVOLVING FROM PERC TO Q.ANTUM:
YIELD SECURITY
PERC technology provides high-performance capabilities for solar cells and modules, but there are several potential hazards that can diminish its effectiveness. In order to protect products from degradation, safety risks and management problems, Hanwha Q CELLS developed yield security technologies including Anti PID, Anti LID, Hot-Spot Protect, and Tra.Q™
  • ANTI PID

  • ANTI LID

  • HOT-SPOT PROTECT

  • TRA.Q™

Potential Induced Degradation can lead to a performance loss of up to 20%. Through understanding and research of the PID effect, all Q CELLS products come with Anti PID Technology since 2012. Q CELLS' proprietary Anti PID Technology prevents Potential Induced Degradation (PID) and secures reliable energy yields. As a result, not a single PID fail with Q CELLS solar modules occurred in the field.

  • WHAT IS PID?

    In all photovoltaic systems, voltage differences occur between the frames and the solar cells of a module. Especially in wet weather, this can lead to undesired leakage currents which can decrease the performance of the cells and result in yield losses of 20% or more. This effect has been named "Potential Induced Degradation", abbreviated "PID".

  • WHAT DOES PID MEAN IN TERMS OF REAL USE?

    PID decreases a system's yield which often leads to high claim rates. Proving PID is a very complicated and costly process. Q CELLS prevents PID at the cell level so that PV systems permanently generate reliably high yields.

  • HOW DOES Hanwha Q CELLS PREVENT PID?

    - Hanwha Q CELLS' proprietary Anti PID Technology (APT) optimizes the cell production process so that the negative effects of leakage currents are already eliminated at the cell level. This makes our solar products PID-resistant¹. In short: Q CELLS PV modules are not affected by any PID-related performance loss. That means peace of mind to our customers.

    - ¹ PT-Test Conditions: Modules at –1500 V against frames / supports, module surface wet, 25 °C, 168 h.

LID (Light Induced Degradation) is caused by unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes. These can be found in all p-type solar cells.
Exposing such solar cells to sunlight quickly leads to significant power degradation of up to 10%. Our Q.ANTUM Technology deactivates the unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes and minimizes the LID effect in Q CELLS solar cells.

  • WHAT IS LID?

    LID (Light Induced Degradation) is caused by unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes in the cell which consume cell efficiency. These can be found in all p-type solar cells, while monocrystalline solar cells are more prone to it. Exposing such solar cells to sunlight quickly leads to a significant power degradation of up to 10%. Our Q.ANTUM Technology deactivates the unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes and minimizes the LID effect in Q CELLS solar cells.

  • WHAT DOES LID MEAN IN TERMS OF REAL USE?

    Exposing solar cells with unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes to sunlight quickly leads to a significant power degradation of up to 10%. The solar system produces less energy than a system with stabilized Boron-Oxygen complexes. Q CELLS' Anti LID Technology ensures higher yields and less degradation through LID.

  • HOW DOES Hanwha Q CELLS PREVENT LID?

    Unstable Boron-Oxygen complexes in the solar cell consume cell efficiency and foster a degradation of the cell.
    Q CELLS modified its Q.ANTUM Technology in a way which ensures the stabilization of B-O complexes, resulting in minimized Light Induced Degradation. Electrons are hence no longer affected by deactivated B-O complexes.

In order to detect hot-spots, Hanwha Q CELLS uses an infrared (IR) camera while reverse current flows throughout all cells at the final inspection stages. The apparatus identifies cells with heat spots and these cells are later sorted out for recycling.

Solar cells with hot-spots can heat up to such a high temperature that parts of a module burn out. In the worst case scenario, a module can catch fire.
Q CELLS products guarantee a very high level of reliability and safety. Thanks to our advanced production process, we are able to keep cool about Hot-Spots. We only ship and process solar cells that are 100 % hot-spots free and are the only solar manufacturer that can sort out all hot-spots.

  • HOW DO HOT-SPOTS OCCUR?

    During the production process, our silicon wafers are exposed to both chemicals and severe heat of up to 900 ℃. They are also subject to mechanical stress during transport and production. These factors may lead to small material defects that cannot be detected during conventional final inspections. Defective edge insulation may also lead to hot-spots.

  • WHAT CAN HOT-SPOTS CAUSE?

    Hot-spots can really pop up when modules are in partial shade. When one cell in a module is shaded, it doesn't generate any current, but the rest of the cells in the module continue to work. This leads to reverse currents that prefer to run over the hot-spot area where they meet less electric resistance. Due to this strong, isolated stress, parts of the hot-spot area may heat up to over 250° C. At this point, the cell may melt. In some cases this only leads to a loss of yield, but in the worst case, the module might catch fire.

  • WHY ARE THERE NO HOT-SPOTS WITH Q CELLS PRODUCTS?

    Many manufacturers simply lower the so-called breakdown voltage of the cells. This does reduce the maximum level to which a cell heats up, but it also reduces the cell's performance. At Q CELLS, a reverse current is put through all cells during the final inspection stages. An infrared camera then shows any hot-spots as heat spots. Cells with hot-spots are then sorted out and recycled. The result is that our solar cells and modules are hot-spot free. We are the only manufacturer that is able to sort out all hot-spot-affected cells across the board in order to provide solar owners with the ultimate level of quality and safety.

The Tra.Q™ code contains information about the place and date of production. Every Q CELLS solar cell has its own unique code, making it possible to trace each of our solar cells. The result: 100% product traceability and no chance for product forgery!

  • WHY IS TRACEABILITY IMPORTANT?

    When you buy fruit at the market you have the right to know where it was grown. We feel the same principle should apply to solar cells and modules. You can feel secure knowing that you have bought a genuine Q CELLS product. Further, Traceable Quality (Tra.Q™) enables us to completely trace the entire manufacturing process for each individual solar cell – this includes the serial number, the date and location of production, and even which material charge was used to make the cell. We can thus better analyze errors as they arise and quickly respond to them.

  • WHY IS PROTECTION AGAINST COUNTERFEITS IMPORTANT?

    Solar cells are the heart of any PV system. There are now hundreds of solar cell manufacturers whose cells come from all over the world. Unfortunately, product piracy has also hit the photovoltaic industry. Q CELLS solar cells carrying the Tra.Q™ label can be clearly identified. This ensures transparency and means you can count on secure yields!

  • HOW DOES TRA.Q™ WORK?

    With Tra.Q™ every solar cell is labeled with a unique code. Thanks to specially-developed laser technology, the cell isn't damaged in this process. The code can then later be read with a special device. Tra.Q™ is like a fingerprint for a solar cell. At the moment, Q CELLS is the only brand in the solar industry to offer the patented Tra.Q™ labeling technology.

Under Banner

]

LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR TECHNOLOGY AND YIELD SECURITY

CONTACT US

]

Q.ANTUM TECHNOLOGY
ENSURES THE BEST QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY

VIEW OUR PRODUCTS